Tax reform: what employers need to know
Jei norite naujienlaiškį skaityti lietuvių kalba, spauskite čia: In Lithuanian

Dear client,

On 1 January 2019, tax reform affecting employment taxation comes into force in Lithuania.

The main changes are:

  • progressive personal income tax is introduced;
  • social security contributions by the employer will be merged with those by the employee, while the tax burden will be transferred to the employee;
  • rates of social security contributions have been recalculated;
  • a ceiling is introduced on social security contributions.

After merging contributions paid by employer and employee, total employment costs and net salary should basically remain unchanged (see the example below).


Tax distribution between employee and employer before and after the reform

*Calculations do not take into consideration tax-free income thresholds and additional contributions to supplementary pension funds.

Employees earning a salary exceeding the ceiling on social security contributions (in 2019 the ceiling is 120 statistic average wages) will have bigger benefits. When an employee’s salary exceeds the ceiling, social security contributions will no longer apply to the excess. However, the excess will be taxed at a higher rate of personal income tax (i.e. 27%). Taking into consideration that the ceiling on mandatory health insurance contributions will not apply, the portion of salary exceeding the ceiling is taxed at an overall rate of 33.98%.

Reform aspects that are most relevant for employers:

  1. Employers are obliged to recalculate the employee’s gross salary and multiply it by 1.289 by 1 January 2019. The employee’s net salary cannot be reduced due to the recalculation.
    The recalculation must be executed officially by changing the employment contract. Prior consent by the employee is not required for these employment contract changes. You can find a contract amendment form that we suggest here.
  2. Employers providing other benefits for their employees (such as employee share options enabling employees to acquire shares in the employer company or group) must take into consideration that the reform might have an impact on taxation of these additional benefits. Companies should assess the possible impact of the reform.

In the autumn we will invite HR specialists to a business breakfast dedicated to the topic of tax reform. The event will focus on the most relevant issues and problems that employers are facing. We will send more information about the business breakfast closer to the event.

Algirdas Pekšys Agnietė Venckienė Gerda Skirbutienė
Algirdas Pekšys
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Agnietė Venckienė
Senior Associate,
Head of Employment
Practice Area
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Gerda Skirbutienė
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Karin Madisson
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Eva Berlaus
Office Managing Partner
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Algirdas Pekšys
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LT-01116 Vilnius
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Maksim Salahub
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